Nobel Peace Prize winner Malala Yousafzai has spoken about the role of education at a service remembering victims of a school attack in Pakistan.
On 16 December last year more than 150 people, including many pupils, were killed in the attack on the Army Public School in Peshawar.
Two survivors, Muhammad Ibrahim Khan and Ahmad Nawaz, attended a memorial service in Birmingham.
Attendees were encouraged to wear white poppies in support of world peace.
Another memorial event will be held in London on Wednesday to remember the attacks.
Education campaigner Malala – who has lived in Birmingham since 2012 after being flown to the city for treatment when she was shot in the head by a Taliban gunman – said more work needed to be done to stop “brutal attacks” on children and prevent people in the West Midlands being radicalised and marginalised.
“We need to make sure that we try to connect different cultures and different religions together,” she said.
Ahmad, who has also settled in Birmingham since surviving the Peshawar attack, said Malala was “inspirational” in convincing him to campaign on behalf of terrorism victims.
“I will be the voice of all the children who are suffering from this type of terrorism and are not getting education,” he said.