July 2016 ‘hottest month on record’, according to NASA


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IF you were wondering why July felt unseasonably warm this year, NASA might have the answer.

The space agency has claimed July was the “hottest month in recorded history” — 0.84C warmer than the 1950-1980 global average.

That’s clearly hotter than the previous hotter months, and warmer than the previous record of July 2011 and July 2015, which were so close they were said to be in a tie for the hottest month on record, said NASA chief climate scientist Gavin Schmidt.

In Australia, the Bureau of Meteorology found that minimum temperatures for July were “very much warmer than average, ranking as Australia’s fifth-warmest July nationally (1.59C above average)”.

Even after the fading of a strong El Niño, which spikes global temperatures on top of man-made climate change, July still managed to burst global temperature records.

Scientists blame mostly man-made climate change from the burning of fossil fuel with an extra jump from the now-gone El Niño, which every few years is a natural warming of parts of the Pacific Ocean that changes weather worldwide.

Georgia Tech climate scientist Kim Cobb said this is significant “because global temperatures continue to warm even as a record-breaking El Niño event has finally released its grip.”

NASA’s five hottest months on record are July 2016, July 2011, July 2015, July 2009 and August 2014. Only July 2015 was during an El Niño. Records go back to 1880.

This is the 10th record hot month in a row, according to NASA.

The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), which calculates temperatures slightly differently, will come out with its July figures on Wednesday.

NOAA has figured there have been 14 monthly heat records broken in a row, before July.

“The scary thing is that we are moving into an era where it will be a surprise when each new month or year isn’t one of the hottest on record,” said Chris Field, a climate scientist at the Carnegie Institution and Stanford University.

Gavin Schmidt, Director of NASA’s Goddard Institute for Space Studies, said this new record and all the records that have been broken recently years told a cohesive story.

“The planet is getting warmer,” he said.

“It’s important for what it tells us about the future.”

Online Source

The Indian Telegraph Sydney Australia

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