A single Indian university has made it to the top 500 university rankings. However, the lone Indian entry — Indian Institute of Science in Bangalore, ranks as low as between 301-400, according to the 2015 Academic Ranking of World Universities (ARWU) released by Shanghai Jiao Tong University.
Interestingly in 2003 and 2004, IISc was still India’s only entry but its rankings were around 200 which has fallen drastically.
More than 1,200 universities are ranked by ARWU every year and the best 500 are published.
Eight universities in the top 10 alone are from the US with two being UK-based, as more than 51 US institutions feature in the top 100.
Harvard University remains the number one in the world for the 13th year with the other top 10 universities being Stanford, MIT, Berkeley, Cambridge, Princeton, Caltech, Columbia, Chicago and Oxford.
In continental Europe, ETH Zurich (20th) in Switzerland takes first place and University of Copenhagen (35th) in Denmark overtakes Pierre & Marie Curie (36th) in France as the second best university in this region.
University of Tokyo (21st) and Kyoto University (26th) keeps their leading positions in Asia. University of Melbourne (44th) tops other universities in Oceania.
University of Warwick (92nd) in UK enters the Top 100 list for the first time. There are totally 11 universities breaking into the Top 500 list in 2015, among which Queensland University of Technology in Australia and Sharif University of Technology in Iran make their first appearance.
When ranking world universities, ARWU uses key objective indicators, which are the number of alumni and staff winning Nobel Prizes and Fields Medals, the number of highly cited researchers selected by Thomson Reuters, the number of articles published in journals of Nature and Science and per capita performance of a university. India fails miserably in almost all counts.
A recent Thomson Reuters study had found that at a time when India is being looked at as the next big knowledge superpower, just 3.5% of global research output in 2010 was from India.
In most disciplines, India’s share in global research output was below this overall average count. India’s share of world research output in clinical medicine was a paltry 1.9% in 2010, with psychiatry at 0.5%, neurosciences at 1.4%, immunology at 1.8%, molecular biology at 2.1% and environmental research at 3.5%. In mathematics, India’s share of world output stood at around 2% in 2010, while it was 17% for China.
In materials sciences, India’s share was at 6.4% while China’s stood at 26%, and India’s physics research was 4.6% while China’s was 19%.
“India has been the sleeping giant of Asia. Research in the university sector, stagnant for at least two decades, is now accelerating but it will be a long haul to restore India as an Asian knowledge hub,” said the report. The latest finding comes soon after not a single young Indian university made it to the list of the world’s top 100 which are under 50 years old.
Over 800 universities worldwide submitted data for analysis of which 20 were from India.