Hindi Diwas is celebrated in India on 14th September every year. This red letter day is celebrated to highlight the importance of Hindi language in India and in the rest of the world. On 14th September 1949, after independence, Hindi had been adopted as the national language of India by the constituent assembly. Though Hindi language was made an official language on 14th September, 1949, it came into effect on 26th January, 1950, under the Article 343 of the Indian constitution with 48 dialects officially recognized till date. It was declared that only Hindi will be used as a representative language for the Indian union government and the state government as well.
Facts about Hindi Language
Nearly 425 million people speak Hindi as a first language and around 120 million as a second language. . This language started emerging as a common conversational speech during the Mughal period in 17th century.The vocabulary of Hindi is derived from Sanskrit through Praknit and Apabhramsha. Hindi is derived from the Indo-Aryan branch of the Indo-European language family. The standard on which Hindi is based on is known as, ‘Khadiboli’, the colloquial language of Delhi and the neighboring regions of Uttarakhand and Uttar Pradesh.
Hindi is the main language of Indian states of Uttar Pradesh, Haryana, Himachal Pradesh and the capital Delhi in North India; Bihar and Jharkhand in Eastern India; Madhya Pradesh and Chhattisgarh in Central India and Rajasthan in West India. It’s widely understood in several other states of India.
Hindi is also spoken in some countries outside India, such as in Mauritius, Fiji, Suriname, Guyana, Trinidad & Tobago and Nepal.
The derived words of Hindi are classified into five major categories: Tatsam (alike), Adharatatsam, Tadbhav (born of that), Deshaj and Videshi (foreign). The writing system for this language is Devanagari (Bhrahmic) and Hindi Braille. Hindi is considered as the language of gaon (village), kissan (farmer) and vidhyan (scientists). The Hindi literature holds a great significance to the people of India.
Celebrations of Hindi Diwas
On the occasion of Hindi Diwas, the President of India, in Vigyan Bhawan, New Delhi, grants awards to people with remarkable excellence in the field of Hindi culture, literature and poetry. He also addresses the people to encourage a wider use of the Hindi language. Events are organized to emboss the importance of Hindi which act as initiatives to maintain the purity of this language. On this occasion, Rajbhasha Awards are conferred upon the Ministers, Departments, PSUs and Nationalized Banks. This language is regulated by the Central Hindi Directorate, India. An active participation is rendered by the students of schools and colleges in various events such as competitions, quizzes and more to promote Hindi language, its culture, literature and poetry.
After the independence, in the year 1954, Indian government instituted the conventions for the standardization of the grammar and orthography of this language. It set up a committee to standardize the grammar of Hindi and a report named A Basic Grammar of Modern Language was released in 1968. The uniformity in writing is regulated by the Central Hindi Directorate of the Ministry of Education and Culture.
Hindi is one of those seven languages which is used to create web addresses over the internet. All these aspects of this language make it gain prestigious linguistic importance all over the globe. This language works as an excellent tool to generate harmonious relationships among people of India and helps unite the diverse India making it secular.